Volume 2, Issue 2, June 2019, Page: 32-38
Democratization Through Convergence: External Factors in Political Transition in Eastern Europe
Galyna Zelenko, Department of Political and Apply Researchers, Kuras Institute of Political and Ethnic Studies of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Received: Apr. 17, 2019;       Accepted: Jun. 3, 2019;       Published: Jul. 9, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.jpsir.20190202.11      View  154      Downloads  75
Abstract
The ways post-communist countries develop are fundamentally different. The democratic transition that began in these countries almost simultaneously resulted in the formation of various political regimes in the post-communist space after more than 25 years of transformation - from consolidated democracies in Central and Eastern Europe and the Baltics, to openly autocratic political regimes in Asian republics, Belarus and Russia. Some authors believe that it is the "distance to Brussels" that determines the level of democracy development in post-communist countries. But the "distance to Moscow" determines political transition too. That is, the depth of integration with Brussels, on the one hand, and Moscow, on the other, determines the quality of a political regime. All this gives grounds for the hypothesis that convergence can both stimulate democratization processes and cause their regression. So, my research sought to addresses such questions: What impact did external factors in their politics? Why convergence processes are so important for democratic transition post-communist countries of East Europe? What factors explain patterns and differences? The author pays attention to the nature of exogenous influences in the East Europe countries, which are located between two centers of power - big geopolitical players - the EU and Russia. Also, author analyzes the impact of convergence process on political transition in Ukraine as very specific case of political transition.
Keywords
Democratization, Convergence, External Factors, Political Transition, Eastern Europe
To cite this article
Galyna Zelenko, Democratization Through Convergence: External Factors in Political Transition in Eastern Europe, Journal of Political Science and International Relations. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2019, pp. 32-38. doi: 10.11648/j.jpsir.20190202.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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