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The Analysis of Regional Autonomy Implementation in Indonesia: Based on the Ruling Government Paradigm

Received: 24 November 2022    Accepted: 19 December 2022    Published: 29 December 2022
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Abstract

This study aims to understand the development of regional autonomy in Indonesia through a historical context. The research begins by tracing the evolution of regional autonomy laws since the Old Order, New Order, and Reformation eras which caused casualties. For more than 50 years, Indonesia has changed from a centralized system of government to a decentralized one. The government uses the concept of regional autonomy because the area is large and the population is large and requires an administrative structure appropriate to the region. This study uses a qualitative methodology by collecting primary data from national libraries, historical museums, university research, and scientific journals. The findings of this study illustrate that the large area and population require an administrative structure that is by the local government. The decentralization system has become the preferred choice for various provinces. Decentralization refers to the establishment of autonomous regions and the delegation of legal authority. This delegation must be clear because, based on history, rebellions in several provinces were due to beleid (provinces' distrust of the central government). The desired delegation from the Central Government to regional governments is in the context of managing independent regional government affairs. Regional autonomy is closely related to progress in regional development and promotes national stability and unity. Nevertheless, in reality, national stability is often tested by the existence of a leader's will that is contrary to the law, which often results in conflict. An interesting finding is that since the proclamation of independence until the reform era - the decentralization system has always followed the conditions and desires of the government regime. The decentralization referred to is not pure but implies the existence of a hidden centralized system.

Published in Journal of Political Science and International Relations (Volume 5, Issue 4)
DOI 10.11648/j.jpsir.20220504.18
Page(s) 153-163
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Regional Autonomy, Decentralization, Democracy, Law, Local Government

References
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Cite This Article
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    Achmad Mudjahid Zein, Sri Yunanto, Ita Nurhayati, Asep Setiawan, Azhari Aziz Samudra. (2022). The Analysis of Regional Autonomy Implementation in Indonesia: Based on the Ruling Government Paradigm. Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 5(4), 153-163. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jpsir.20220504.18

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    ACS Style

    Achmad Mudjahid Zein; Sri Yunanto; Ita Nurhayati; Asep Setiawan; Azhari Aziz Samudra. The Analysis of Regional Autonomy Implementation in Indonesia: Based on the Ruling Government Paradigm. J. Polit. Sci. Int. Relat. 2022, 5(4), 153-163. doi: 10.11648/j.jpsir.20220504.18

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    AMA Style

    Achmad Mudjahid Zein, Sri Yunanto, Ita Nurhayati, Asep Setiawan, Azhari Aziz Samudra. The Analysis of Regional Autonomy Implementation in Indonesia: Based on the Ruling Government Paradigm. J Polit Sci Int Relat. 2022;5(4):153-163. doi: 10.11648/j.jpsir.20220504.18

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  • @article{10.11648/j.jpsir.20220504.18,
      author = {Achmad Mudjahid Zein and Sri Yunanto and Ita Nurhayati and Asep Setiawan and Azhari Aziz Samudra},
      title = {The Analysis of Regional Autonomy Implementation in Indonesia: Based on the Ruling Government Paradigm},
      journal = {Journal of Political Science and International Relations},
      volume = {5},
      number = {4},
      pages = {153-163},
      doi = {10.11648/j.jpsir.20220504.18},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jpsir.20220504.18},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.jpsir.20220504.18},
      abstract = {This study aims to understand the development of regional autonomy in Indonesia through a historical context. The research begins by tracing the evolution of regional autonomy laws since the Old Order, New Order, and Reformation eras which caused casualties. For more than 50 years, Indonesia has changed from a centralized system of government to a decentralized one. The government uses the concept of regional autonomy because the area is large and the population is large and requires an administrative structure appropriate to the region. This study uses a qualitative methodology by collecting primary data from national libraries, historical museums, university research, and scientific journals. The findings of this study illustrate that the large area and population require an administrative structure that is by the local government. The decentralization system has become the preferred choice for various provinces. Decentralization refers to the establishment of autonomous regions and the delegation of legal authority. This delegation must be clear because, based on history, rebellions in several provinces were due to beleid (provinces' distrust of the central government). The desired delegation from the Central Government to regional governments is in the context of managing independent regional government affairs. Regional autonomy is closely related to progress in regional development and promotes national stability and unity. Nevertheless, in reality, national stability is often tested by the existence of a leader's will that is contrary to the law, which often results in conflict. An interesting finding is that since the proclamation of independence until the reform era - the decentralization system has always followed the conditions and desires of the government regime. The decentralization referred to is not pure but implies the existence of a hidden centralized system.},
     year = {2022}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - The Analysis of Regional Autonomy Implementation in Indonesia: Based on the Ruling Government Paradigm
    AU  - Achmad Mudjahid Zein
    AU  - Sri Yunanto
    AU  - Ita Nurhayati
    AU  - Asep Setiawan
    AU  - Azhari Aziz Samudra
    Y1  - 2022/12/29
    PY  - 2022
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jpsir.20220504.18
    DO  - 10.11648/j.jpsir.20220504.18
    T2  - Journal of Political Science and International Relations
    JF  - Journal of Political Science and International Relations
    JO  - Journal of Political Science and International Relations
    SP  - 153
    EP  - 163
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2640-2785
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jpsir.20220504.18
    AB  - This study aims to understand the development of regional autonomy in Indonesia through a historical context. The research begins by tracing the evolution of regional autonomy laws since the Old Order, New Order, and Reformation eras which caused casualties. For more than 50 years, Indonesia has changed from a centralized system of government to a decentralized one. The government uses the concept of regional autonomy because the area is large and the population is large and requires an administrative structure appropriate to the region. This study uses a qualitative methodology by collecting primary data from national libraries, historical museums, university research, and scientific journals. The findings of this study illustrate that the large area and population require an administrative structure that is by the local government. The decentralization system has become the preferred choice for various provinces. Decentralization refers to the establishment of autonomous regions and the delegation of legal authority. This delegation must be clear because, based on history, rebellions in several provinces were due to beleid (provinces' distrust of the central government). The desired delegation from the Central Government to regional governments is in the context of managing independent regional government affairs. Regional autonomy is closely related to progress in regional development and promotes national stability and unity. Nevertheless, in reality, national stability is often tested by the existence of a leader's will that is contrary to the law, which often results in conflict. An interesting finding is that since the proclamation of independence until the reform era - the decentralization system has always followed the conditions and desires of the government regime. The decentralization referred to is not pure but implies the existence of a hidden centralized system.
    VL  - 5
    IS  - 4
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Magister Political Science, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah, Jakarta, Indonesia

  • Department of Magister Political Science, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah, Jakarta, Indonesia

  • Department of Magister Political Science, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah, Jakarta, Indonesia

  • Department of Magister Political Science, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah, Jakarta, Indonesia

  • Department of Doctoral Public Administration, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah, Jakarta, Indonesia

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