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Formation Conditions of Russian Youth’s Political Consciousness

Received: 15 May 2021    Accepted: 10 June 2021    Published: 23 November 2021
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Abstract

The object of research reflected in this article is conditions under which political socialization of contemporary Russian youth is happening. The author analyses internal factors of impact that influence the formation of youngsters’ political identity and tries to find the answers to the following questions: which factors influence political benchmarks obtained by youth, and whether these benchmarks are obtained at all; what are they, how are they manifested, do they comply with political culture of previous generations of Russians and official discourse of today’s authorities; whether authorities are interested in this process of benchmarks-obtaining, and which meanings of political identification are they interested in? Which circumstances contribute to the process of desacralization of authorities? Are there any trends and problems that are common for all modern countries, which characterize the relationships between the youth and operating authoritative institutions? Methods: content-analysis & discourse-analysis of political communications (mass media, governmental TV-channels, websites of pro-governmental socio-political youth organizations, social networks), secondary analysis of statistical data. Results: The author concludes that formation conditions of Russian youth’s political consciousness should be divided at two groups. The first one includes the conditions resulted from objective global trends that are characterized by the state of modern societies (marginality of social structures, limited participation of youth in formalized institutional political processes, the Internet & social networks etc.). The second group of conditions is defined by operating political regime of the country, which tries to enforce its own picture of socio-political reality within the youth generation for the purposes of its own legitimization. According to the author’s opinion, the most significant trends that characterize the process researched are: complicated stratificational structure of today’s society that makes the process of individual and group self-identification more difficult; the prevalence of mixed forms of political culture; a distrust towards the content of official mass media; a desacralization of authorities; “mosaic” form of political consciousness; the lack of interest in global political projects among youngsters; militaristic ideology spread; the lack of interest in problems of youth coming from authorities caused by insignificant electoral weight of youngsters.

Published in Journal of Political Science and International Relations (Volume 4, Issue 4)
DOI 10.11648/j.jpsir.20210404.12
Page(s) 136-142
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Political Consciousness, Political Identity, Contemporary Russian Youth

References
[1] Ilyina, N. B., (2011). Russia: the problems of youngsters’ political socialization. – The World’s economics and international relations. № 8., p. 43-51. (In Russ.).
[2] Kachanov, U. L., (1994). Experiences in the politics fields: Interference. M. Institution of experimental sociology. P. 159. (In Russ.).
[3] Kravchenko, S. A., & Krasikov, S. A. (2004). The sociology of risks: poly-paradigm approach. M. Ankil. P. 385. (In Russ.).
[4] Meleshkina, E. U. (2010). Political culture. Article retrieved from www.lomonosov-fund.ru/enc/ru/encyclopedia:01106:article on 30.04.2021. (In Russ.).
[5] Anikin, D. A., & Ustyantsev, V. B. (2011). Social memory in the society of risks: philosophical conceptualization experience. Philosophy and society. № 4 (64). P. 58-69. (In Russ.).
[6] Vkontakte research. (“Issledovaniye vkontakte). Retrieved from https://vk.com/doc9637095_453312678?hash=c6dfaccfaa71d45a88&dl=8397c65395cb899fab on 26.04.2021. (In Russ.).
[7] Millennials. Ten characteristics. Retrieved from http://mionli.ru/news/millennials-ten-characteristics/ on 26.04.2021. (In Russ.).
[8] NBCH. Official Site. Retrieved from https://www.nbku.ru/company/news/?id=20788 on 26.04.2021. (In Russ.).
[9] Will the programs of education loans in Russia change? “(Izmenitsia li v Rossii programma obrazovatelnyh kreditov”). Retrieved from: https://rg.ru/2017/01/16/izmenitsia-li-v-rossii-programma-obrazovatelnyh-kreditov.html on 26.04.2021. (In Russ.).
[10] VKontakte research: the image of youth. Retrieved from: https://vk.com/doc9637095_453312678?hash=c6dfaccfa on 26.04.2021. (In Russ.).
[11] UNDP Youth Strategy. Retrieved from: http://www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/Democratic%20Governance/Youth/UNDP-Youth-Strategy-2014-2017-RU.pdf on 26.04.2021. (In Russ.).
[12] Armies of the world. (“Armmii mira”). Retrieved from: https://militaryarms.ru/armii-mira/yunarmiya-novyj-patrioticheskij-proekt-shojgu/ on 26.04.2021. (In Russ.).
[13] Russian youth generation’s values, orientations, and participation in political life. Retrieved from: https://www.levada.ru/2020/06/30/tsennosti-orientatsii-i-uchastie-v-politicheskoj-zhizni-rossijskogo-molodogo-pokoleniya/ on 08.06.2021. (In Russ.).
[14] Over 80% of Russian youngsters are indifferent towards politics. Retrieved from: https://www.vedomosti.ru/society/articles/2020/04/29/829352-molodezhi-ravnodushni on 08.06.2021. (In Russ.).
[15] Rozhkova, E. (2021) Social scientists on the portrait and motivation of Russians who came out for protests. Retrieved from: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/4670663 on 08.06.2021. (In Russ.).
[16] Shulman, T. (2019). Contemporary youth is the rightest generation out of all generations one could imagine. Retrieved from: https://www.pravmir.ru/ekaterina-shulman-sovremennaya-molodezh-samoe-pravilnoe-iz-vseh-pokoleniy-kakie-tolko-mozhno-sebe-predstavit/ on 08.06.2021.
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    Dina Tombu. (2021). Formation Conditions of Russian Youth’s Political Consciousness. Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 4(4), 136-142. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jpsir.20210404.12

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    Dina Tombu. Formation Conditions of Russian Youth’s Political Consciousness. J. Polit. Sci. Int. Relat. 2021, 4(4), 136-142. doi: 10.11648/j.jpsir.20210404.12

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    AMA Style

    Dina Tombu. Formation Conditions of Russian Youth’s Political Consciousness. J Polit Sci Int Relat. 2021;4(4):136-142. doi: 10.11648/j.jpsir.20210404.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.jpsir.20210404.12,
      author = {Dina Tombu},
      title = {Formation Conditions of Russian Youth’s Political Consciousness},
      journal = {Journal of Political Science and International Relations},
      volume = {4},
      number = {4},
      pages = {136-142},
      doi = {10.11648/j.jpsir.20210404.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jpsir.20210404.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.jpsir.20210404.12},
      abstract = {The object of research reflected in this article is conditions under which political socialization of contemporary Russian youth is happening. The author analyses internal factors of impact that influence the formation of youngsters’ political identity and tries to find the answers to the following questions: which factors influence political benchmarks obtained by youth, and whether these benchmarks are obtained at all; what are they, how are they manifested, do they comply with political culture of previous generations of Russians and official discourse of today’s authorities; whether authorities are interested in this process of benchmarks-obtaining, and which meanings of political identification are they interested in? Which circumstances contribute to the process of desacralization of authorities? Are there any trends and problems that are common for all modern countries, which characterize the relationships between the youth and operating authoritative institutions? Methods: content-analysis & discourse-analysis of political communications (mass media, governmental TV-channels, websites of pro-governmental socio-political youth organizations, social networks), secondary analysis of statistical data. Results: The author concludes that formation conditions of Russian youth’s political consciousness should be divided at two groups. The first one includes the conditions resulted from objective global trends that are characterized by the state of modern societies (marginality of social structures, limited participation of youth in formalized institutional political processes, the Internet & social networks etc.). The second group of conditions is defined by operating political regime of the country, which tries to enforce its own picture of socio-political reality within the youth generation for the purposes of its own legitimization. According to the author’s opinion, the most significant trends that characterize the process researched are: complicated stratificational structure of today’s society that makes the process of individual and group self-identification more difficult; the prevalence of mixed forms of political culture; a distrust towards the content of official mass media; a desacralization of authorities; “mosaic” form of political consciousness; the lack of interest in global political projects among youngsters; militaristic ideology spread; the lack of interest in problems of youth coming from authorities caused by insignificant electoral weight of youngsters.},
     year = {2021}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Formation Conditions of Russian Youth’s Political Consciousness
    AU  - Dina Tombu
    Y1  - 2021/11/23
    PY  - 2021
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jpsir.20210404.12
    DO  - 10.11648/j.jpsir.20210404.12
    T2  - Journal of Political Science and International Relations
    JF  - Journal of Political Science and International Relations
    JO  - Journal of Political Science and International Relations
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    PB  - Science Publishing Group
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    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jpsir.20210404.12
    AB  - The object of research reflected in this article is conditions under which political socialization of contemporary Russian youth is happening. The author analyses internal factors of impact that influence the formation of youngsters’ political identity and tries to find the answers to the following questions: which factors influence political benchmarks obtained by youth, and whether these benchmarks are obtained at all; what are they, how are they manifested, do they comply with political culture of previous generations of Russians and official discourse of today’s authorities; whether authorities are interested in this process of benchmarks-obtaining, and which meanings of political identification are they interested in? Which circumstances contribute to the process of desacralization of authorities? Are there any trends and problems that are common for all modern countries, which characterize the relationships between the youth and operating authoritative institutions? Methods: content-analysis & discourse-analysis of political communications (mass media, governmental TV-channels, websites of pro-governmental socio-political youth organizations, social networks), secondary analysis of statistical data. Results: The author concludes that formation conditions of Russian youth’s political consciousness should be divided at two groups. The first one includes the conditions resulted from objective global trends that are characterized by the state of modern societies (marginality of social structures, limited participation of youth in formalized institutional political processes, the Internet & social networks etc.). The second group of conditions is defined by operating political regime of the country, which tries to enforce its own picture of socio-political reality within the youth generation for the purposes of its own legitimization. According to the author’s opinion, the most significant trends that characterize the process researched are: complicated stratificational structure of today’s society that makes the process of individual and group self-identification more difficult; the prevalence of mixed forms of political culture; a distrust towards the content of official mass media; a desacralization of authorities; “mosaic” form of political consciousness; the lack of interest in global political projects among youngsters; militaristic ideology spread; the lack of interest in problems of youth coming from authorities caused by insignificant electoral weight of youngsters.
    VL  - 4
    IS  - 4
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • School of Political Sciences, Moscow Pedagogical State University, MPGU Moscow, Russia

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