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Political Crime in South Asia: A Theoretical Explanation

Received: 26 October 2017    Accepted: 16 November 2017    Published: 24 December 2017
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Abstract

The conference paper focused mainly on political crime and victimization in South Asian developing countries (i.e., demographic subdivision Bangladesh). The objective of this paper is drawing successful strategies to make exploitation free life on the basis of the existing laws and theories to eradicate the peril. The data was collected mainly from secondary sources. After liberation war in 1971 there was no existence of the term political crime specifically but now it is the most detrimental crime which is increasing day by day. The perceived types of political crime included genocide, espionage, extrajudicial killings, political assassination, election fraud and violence etc. The underlying causes of political violence are political-ideological issues, Secularism and religion etc. The general people are the victim in this regard. The study was recommended to take a collaborative action to all the stakeholders to create awareness to the political parties enforcing laws by government to eclipse these sorry tales.

Published in Journal of Political Science and International Relations (Volume 1, Issue 1)
DOI 10.11648/j.jpsir.20180101.11
Page(s) 1-11
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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

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Keywords

Political Crime, Terrorism, Victimization, Theoretical Explanation, South Asian Countries

References
[1] Amin, Md. Nurul, 1992. ‘Twenty Years of Bangladesh Politics: An Overview’, Regional Studies 10 (2) (Spring): 1992, 109–19.
[2] Datta, Sreeradha, 2004. ‘Personal Animosity and Parliamentary Politics: Bangladeshi Elections 2001’, Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 27 (2): 49–70.
[3] Hossain, Akhta, 2000. ‘Anatomy of Hartal Politics in Bangladesh’, Asian Survey, 40 (3) (May–June): 508–29.
[4] Moniruzzaman Md, 2009. ‘Party Politics and Political Violence in Bangladesh: Issues, Manifestation and Consequences’, South Asian Survey. March 2009.
[5] Datta, Sreeradha, 2005. ‘Political Violence in Bangladesh: Trends and Causes’, Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses.
[6] Odhikar, Annual Activity Report 2001-2016.
[7] Odhikar, Annual Human Rights Report 2001-2016.
[8] Prothom Alo, News Report published 5 January 2014.
[9] Human Rights Watch (HRW), Annual Report 2013.
[10] Hindu American Foundation, Annual Report 2014.
[11] Jean-Marie Henckaerts; Louise Doswald-Beck; 2005. ‘International Committee of the Red Cross. Customary International Humanitarian Law: Rules’. Cambridge University Press. p. 342. ISBN978-0-521-80899-6.
[12] The Daily Star, June & July 2010.
[13] BBC News, April 2012.
[14] New York Times, September 2012.
[15] Walter Laqueur, 1990. ‘The New Terrorism: Fanaticism and the Arms of Mass Destruction’, New York: Oxford, 1999.
[16] Zee News, July 10, 2013.
[17] Transparency International Bangladesh (TIB), ‘Global Corruption Barometer 2012’, 2013.
[18] Conteh-Morgan, Earl, 2003. ‘Collective Political Violence: An Introduction to the Theories and Cases of Violent Conflicts’. Routledge. ISBN 978-0415947435.
[19] Stephen Schafer, 1974. ‘The Political Criminal, The Problem of Morality and Crime, New York: Free Press, pp. 154–157.
[20] Jeffrey Ian Ross, 2003. ‘The Dynamics of Political Crime’, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
[21] John Ziff and Austin Sarat, 1990. ‘Espionage and Treason’, New York: Chelsea House.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Md. Kamruzzaman, Md. Rana Parvez. (2017). Political Crime in South Asia: A Theoretical Explanation. Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 1(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jpsir.20180101.11

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    ACS Style

    Md. Kamruzzaman; Md. Rana Parvez. Political Crime in South Asia: A Theoretical Explanation. J. Polit. Sci. Int. Relat. 2017, 1(1), 1-11. doi: 10.11648/j.jpsir.20180101.11

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    AMA Style

    Md. Kamruzzaman, Md. Rana Parvez. Political Crime in South Asia: A Theoretical Explanation. J Polit Sci Int Relat. 2017;1(1):1-11. doi: 10.11648/j.jpsir.20180101.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.jpsir.20180101.11,
      author = {Md. Kamruzzaman and Md. Rana Parvez},
      title = {Political Crime in South Asia: A Theoretical Explanation},
      journal = {Journal of Political Science and International Relations},
      volume = {1},
      number = {1},
      pages = {1-11},
      doi = {10.11648/j.jpsir.20180101.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jpsir.20180101.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.jpsir.20180101.11},
      abstract = {The conference paper focused mainly on political crime and victimization in South Asian developing countries (i.e., demographic subdivision Bangladesh). The objective of this paper is drawing successful strategies to make exploitation free life on the basis of the existing laws and theories to eradicate the peril. The data was collected mainly from secondary sources. After liberation war in 1971 there was no existence of the term political crime specifically but now it is the most detrimental crime which is increasing day by day. The perceived types of political crime included genocide, espionage, extrajudicial killings, political assassination, election fraud and violence etc. The underlying causes of political violence are political-ideological issues, Secularism and religion etc. The general people are the victim in this regard. The study was recommended to take a collaborative action to all the stakeholders to create awareness to the political parties enforcing laws by government to eclipse these sorry tales.},
     year = {2017}
    }
    

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    JO  - Journal of Political Science and International Relations
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    AB  - The conference paper focused mainly on political crime and victimization in South Asian developing countries (i.e., demographic subdivision Bangladesh). The objective of this paper is drawing successful strategies to make exploitation free life on the basis of the existing laws and theories to eradicate the peril. The data was collected mainly from secondary sources. After liberation war in 1971 there was no existence of the term political crime specifically but now it is the most detrimental crime which is increasing day by day. The perceived types of political crime included genocide, espionage, extrajudicial killings, political assassination, election fraud and violence etc. The underlying causes of political violence are political-ideological issues, Secularism and religion etc. The general people are the victim in this regard. The study was recommended to take a collaborative action to all the stakeholders to create awareness to the political parties enforcing laws by government to eclipse these sorry tales.
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Author Information
  • School of Victimology and Restorative Justice, Institute of Social Welfare and Research, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh; School of Criminology and Police Science, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail, Bangladesh; School of Law, Islamic University, Kustia, Bangladesh

  • School of Criminology and Police Science, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail, Bangladesh; School of Journalism and Communication, Wuhan University, Wuhan, P. R. China

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